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FAQs

Frequently asked questions

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Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) therapy is an empirical approach to behavior change through environmental manipulation and positive relationships that is backed by hundreds of studies. ABA is a practice that is ever evolving and can be applied to many different professional practices. Currently ABA’s Evidence Based Practices (EBP) are most widely used to support those who are diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). ABA is data based and can be replicated. Read about the modernization of best ABA practices – https://practicalfunctionalassessment.com/2021/09/09/a-perspective-on-todays-aba-by-dr-greg-hanley/

Not necessarily. ABA is a technology used across multiple professions and people of all ages. Most up to date research currently best supports ABA therapy provided to those diagnosed with ASD. Many individuals diagnosed with ASD may have another co-occurring diagnosis which could need to be addressed through other means.

Communication & Language, Executive Functioning, Social Skills, Motor Skills, Sensory needs, Academic preparedness, Adaptive Skills, Play Skills, Overall cognition

An ABA therapy referral or recommendation does not automatically mean a 40 hour service week or services at all. Services are typically recommended after a formal diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is given. ABA therapy hours are then determined based upon an individualized evaluation which includes a blended assessment. Sunshine’s blended assessment encompasses natural environment observation, a formal assessment, and family Q&A. Here is a deep dive into the history of ABA and its supportive science (2015)- https://www.kennedykrieger.org/sites/default/files/library/documents/patient-care/centers-and-programs/down-syndrome-clinic-and-research-center/aba-scientific-support-9-2015.pdf

ABA is more rigid than a school setting. ABA is supervised by a Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA) and has expertise specifically in treating ASD symptoms. ABA primarily focuses on socially significant behaviors that help the learner gain access to least restrictive environments and develop life skills that increase independence. ABA is 1:1 (a therapist works with 1 learner at a time for the duration of their service). School based programs are typically more inclusive, flexible, and educational in nature. Teachers, SLPs, OTs, and paraprofessional’s typically conduct programming in group settings and short spurts of 1:1.

Yes. Many ABA providers assign 2-3 rotating Registered Behavior Technicians (RBTs) per learner. RBTs have to undergo an intensive and extensive 4-6 week training and pass an RBT exam issued by the Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB) prior to independently conducting ABA therapy with a learner. An RBT is directly supervised weekly by a Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA). BCBAs oversee all aspects of a learners programming while the RBT does direct implementation 1:1. Read more about RBTs here – https://www.bacb.com/rbt/.

Sunshine ABA heavily involves and integrates all stakeholders into the learners therapy each week. Family involvement is a requirement in order to receive services through Sunshine. This is so skills training generalizes and maintains across people that are integral for the learners overall success.

Sunshine ABA works very closely with all who are integral to the learner. Sunshine can transport learners to different therapies or be present for different sessions to increase support and transparency across practices. Collaboration across services is a core value and governs much of how a learner’s plan is created.

Prevalence of ASD is currently rated as 1 in 44. ASD impacts each person differently. Perhaps as many as 70% of the ASD population have co-occurring disorders (ADHD, Anxiety, other mental health disorders). According to the CDC 2020, roughly 44% of those diagnosed with ASD have an average to above average IQ. According to Spectrumnews.org the other 50% fall into the category of profound Autism.

https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/data.html 

https://www.spectrumnews.org/opinion/viewpoint/its-time-to-embrace-profound-autism/

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